Yogyakarta is like England in Europe. Similarity, the king of Yogyakarta becomes the governor for the rest of his life and he will hire his throne to his descent. This is the agreement between the first president of Indonesia and the former of Yogyakarta Kingdom.
Here, it is also claimed the heritage all of the culture of Java. This occurs because there is the kingdom as the representative of Javanese legacy. This city also has a huge contribution for Indonesia independency. To maintain this history, Yogyakarta build historical museum.
It is belief that wayang kulit (puppet shadow) is the root of Javanese culture. In other word, to understand the Javanese whether the psychology term or the principle, we can see through this culture. Especially, it is taken from the story of Mahabharata and Ramayana.
In detail, the story is domesticated from the Holly book of Bhagavad-Gita into Javanese philosophy. In Yogyakarta, there are some places that keep this heritage safely. First is Sento Budaya museum. This place is located in the center of Yogyakarta city, exactly in Malioboro Street or next to the building of 0 KM.
Generally, there are two programs. First, it is a room which exhibits wayang kulit with some characters. To see these collections, the museum opens every day at 08.00 am to 03.30 pm except Friday at 08.00 am to 02.00 pm. Second, historical museum have puppet shadow shows in six days except Sunday at 08.00 pm to 10.00 pm. In detail, the ticket rate starts from IDR 2.000, - to IDR 20.000,-.
Another historical landmark in Yogyakarta is crossing from the street namely Vredeburd Museum (Dutch former fortress). This museum is fundamentally different from the previous. Their collections are started from the war between Indonesia and Dutch colonizer to the recent years.
Overall, the program of this museum can be seen into two things. First, the exhibition rooms are located in the some rooms including the diorama story. Second, coffee and gift shop are prepared in the second floor. To come in this place, we only prepare a cost about IDR 20.000. This place is open on Tuesday to Sunday at 07.30 am to 04.00 pm.
Then, museum next to this place is Keraton Museum (Yogyakarta Kingdom Museum). From the previous museum, we go to north about 1 km. This place can be called the importance museum since the collection of the blood line of the Yogyakarta King is kept. At once, it also maintain the and look after the location to raise the new king.
Here also the essential place to announce King’s policy regarding to the culture and politics. To enter, the ticket is around IDR 20.000,-, as well including camera. The last, historical museum is Dirgantara Mandala (airspace). This is located quite far from those previous places, next to the Yogyakarta Airport. To enter, we only need to prepare IDR 5.000,-. They have the record of the aero-plane from the war of national independent and this recent progress.
Descriptions: Historical museum mostly placed in Yogyakarta. This city concerns the culture and the progressive technology in Indonesia.